CBSE Class 12 Geography Question Paper 2023
Here in this post we are giving the latest 2023 Geography Question Paper for CBSE Class 12 Students. This Question paper will be helpful for the next year class 12 aspirants. This also help the new class students to understand the question pattern for the next CBSE class 12 Geography Examination. We hope this post will helpful for every one.
2023 Geography Question Paper Class 12
SECTION – A
(1) Which among the following is an economic factor responsible for uneven distribution of population in the world?
(d) Political unrest
(2) Which one of the following is a thickly populated region?
(a) The Himalayan region
(b) Osaka-Kobe region of Japan
(c) Siberian region of Russia
(d) Central Chile
(3) Which one of the following is the push factor responsible for migration?
(a) Better job opportunities
(c) Peace and stability
(b Unpleasant climate.
(d) Security to life and property
(4) Which one of the following is an important region for subsistence gathering?
(a) South Africa
(b) Amazon Basin
(5) Read the following features of cottage manufacturing and choose the currect option
(I) Place of manufacturing outside the home
(II) It is the smallest unit of manufacturing
(III) Use local raw materials
(IV) Simple tools are used
(a) Only I, II and III are correct
(b) Only II, III and IV are correct.
(c) Only 1, II and IV are correct
(d) Only I, II and IV are correct
(6) Match Column I with Column II and choose the correct
|Column I||Column II|
|(i) Transport city||1. Jaipur|
|(ii) Mining town||2. Ambala|
|(iii) Garrison town||3. Itarsi|
|(iv) Administrative town||4. Singrauli|
(a) 1-4, -3, -2, iv-1
(b) -1, -2, -3, iv-4
(c) 1-3,-4,-2. iv-1
(d) 1-2.-1.-4. iv-3
(7) Which one of the following features is correct regarding nomadic herding?
(a) Nomadism is a modern commercial activity
(b) It is practiced on permanent pastures.
(c) A wide variety of cattle are reared in different regions.
(d) Nomadism is associated with modern technology.
(8) Retail trading comes under which of the following activities?
(9) Which of the following is not true regarding the development of border roads?
(a) Integration of people of remote areas with major cities
(b) Strengthening defense preparedness
(c) Helps in transporting goods to border villages
(d) Help in developing large scale industries
(10) Which one of the following is the easternmost station of the East-West corridor?
(11) Which of the following is not a feature of dryland farming?
(a) It is practiced where the annual amount of rainfall is less than 75 cm
(b) Practiced in Black soil areas
(c) Drought resistant crops are grown
(d) Measures are taken to preserve soil moisture
(12) Which of the following is the smallest linguistic group in India?
(13) Which one of the following is the feature of clustered settlements?
(a) They are fragmented
(b) They are isolated
(c) Closely built-up area of houses
(d) Units are known as pannas, para, palli ete.
(14) Which one of the following state has the highest population ?
(b) Uttar Pradesh
(d) West Bengal
Read the case study given below and answer Q, No 15 to 17
Car Study – Integrated Tribal Development Project in Bharmaur Region
Bharmaur tribal area comprises Bharmaur and Holi tehsils f Cmb duster of Himachal Pradesh It is a notified tribal area since 21 November 1975 Bharmaur is inhabited by Gadd a tribal community who have maintained distinct identity in the Himalayan repon as they practised transhumance, and conversed through Gaddial district.
Bharmaur tribal region has harsh climate conditions, low resource base and fragile environment. These factors have influenced the society and economy of the region. According to the 2011 census, the total population of Bharmaur sub-division was 39,113 i.e.. 21 persons per sq km. It is one of the most (economically and socially backward areas of Himachal Pradesh Historically, the Gaddis have experienced geographical and political isolation and socio-economic deprivation. The economy is largely based on agriculture and allied activities such as sheep and goat rearing
The process of development of tribal area of Bharmaur started in 1970s when Gaddis were included among scheduled tribes Under the Fifth Five Year Plan, the tribal sub-plan was introduced in 1974 and Bharmaur was designated as one of the five Integrated Tribal Development Projects ITDP) in Himachal Pradesh. This area development plan was aimed improving the quality of life of the Gaddis.
(15) Bharmaur Tribal region belongs to which of the following states?
(b) Himachal Pradesh
(c) Uttar Pradesh
(d) Jammu and Kashmir
(16) Which of the following tribal communities dominate in Bharmaur region?
(17) What is the major aim of Integrated Tribal Development Project (ITDP)?
(a) Improving irrigation
(b) Improving sheep rearing
(c) Improving soils of the region
(d) Improving the quality of life of the Gaddis
SECTION – B
(18) Study the given graph and answer the questions that follow :
Changing Pattern of the Composition of India’s Exports
Extent of gap between Exports and Imports in India’s foreign trade During 2012-13 to 2016-17
(18.1) In which year was the gap between Imports and exports the maximum?
(18.2) When was the gap between imports and exports minimum ?
(18.3) In which year had India’s exports shown highest upward trend?
(19) Read the given passage carefully and answer the questions that follow :
Methods of Mining :
Depending on the mode of occurrence and the nature of the ore, mining is of two types: surface and underground mining. The surface mining also known as open-cast mining is the easiest and the cheapest way of mining minerals that occur close to the surface. Overhead costs such as safety precautions and equipment are relatively low in this method. The output is both large and rapid.
When the ore lies deep below the surface, underground mining method (shaft method) has to be used. In this method, vertical shafts have to be sunk, from where underground galleries radiate to reach the minerals, Minerals are extracted and transported to the surface through these passages. It requires specially designed lifts, drills, haulage vehicles. ventilation system for safety and efficient movement of people and material. This method is risky. Poisonous gases, fires, floods and caving in lead to fatal accidents. Have you ever read about mine fires and flooding of coal mines in India?
The developed economies are retreating from mining, processing and refining stages of production due to high labour costs, while the developing countries with large labour force and striving for higher standard of living are becoming more important Several countries of Africa and few of South America and Asia have over fifty percent of the earnings from minerals alone.
(19.1) Explain the main difference between surface and underground mining
(19.2) Why is open-cast mining the easiest way of mining?
(19.3) Why is shaft mining more risky?
SECTION – C
(20) Explain Systematic or Regional approach to the study of Geography.
(21) (a) Explain why all forms of transport are also referred to as lines of communication.
(b) Explain why modern society requires speedy and efficient system of transport.
(22) Explain any three characteristics of non-conventional sources of energy.
(23) (a) Why was Beti Bachao – Bati Padhao’ social campaign launched by the Government of India? Examine.
(b) “The proportion of working population of the states shows a variation.” Examine the statement with examples.
SECTION – D
(24) Describe the concepts of sustainability and productivity in the context of human development.
(25) – (a) Explain balance of trade with examples and examine the role of World Trade Organization (WTO) in international trade.
(b) Examine any five bases of international trade.
(26) – (a) Examine the major characteristics of modern large scale manufacturing in the world.
(b) “High tech industry is the latest generation of manufacturing in the world.” Examine the statement
(27) Explain with examples how watershed management and rainwater harvesting help in conserving water resources in India.
(28) “Slums are residential areas of serious health and socio-environmental hazards. Support the statement
SECTION – (E)
Questions number 29 and 30 are Map based Questions
On the given political outline map of the World (on page 21), seven geographical features have been marked as A, B, C, D, E, F and G. Identify any five with the help of the following information and write their correct names on the lines drawn near them :
(A) An international airport in South America
(B) A canal linking Atlantic Ocean with Pacific Ocean
(C) A major seaport in Australia
(D) A terminal station of Trans-Siberian Railway
(E) A major area of commercial livestock rearing
(F) An area of extensive commercial grain farming
(G) A major Seaport in Asia
(29.1) Name any one international airport of Argentina.
(29.2) Which canal links Atlantic Ocean with Pacific Ocean?
(29.3) Name any one major seaport of Australia.
(29.4) Which is the terminal station Trans-Siberian Railway? on (29.5) Mention the major area of commercial livestock rearing in the eastern end of Argentina.
(29.6) Name any one area of extensive commercial grain farming
(29.7) Name any one major seaport located in Pakistan.
(30) On the given political outline map of India (on page 23), locate and label any five of the following seven geographical features with appropriate symbols :
(30.1) The state with lowest level of population density
(30.2) The city of West Bengal having more than 10 million population
(30.3) The state leading in the production of cotton
(30.4) Bailadila – iron-ore mines
(30.5) Mathura – oil refinery
(30.6) Marmagao – seaport
(30.7) An international airport in Assam.
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